Sunburn is not only the aftermath of a vacation on an island but can also be the result of exposure of skin to the sun for more extended than usual periods. We all have had sunburn once in our lives. It results in red and at times, swollen skin that gets painful. This happens because of skin damage caused by the ultraviolet radiation from the sun. There are various types of sunburn, which can be avoided. Some might be mild resulting in reddening of the skin. Others are severe and include swelling and cause pain in the affected areas. Unfortunately, if the condition becomes more severe, it may lead to skin cancer. Thus, it is essential that you protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun. Since the extent of sunburn depends upon the amount of exposure and intensity of rays, this condition is more common in people living around the equator where the sun shines more intensely than other areas.
The worst part is that sunburn can occur within 15 minutes of exposure to the sun without showing any visible change in the skin. The symptoms, however, begin to appear after a while. In severe cases, the symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, weakness, low blood pressure and fever.
Sunburn can be treated effectively by using home remedies and medications. It is obviously better to avoid this condition then dealing with it.
Avoid the sun
The first thing that comes to one’s mind is avoiding what causes sunburn in the first place, i.e. the sun. Avoid going out in the sun as much as you can. The less the exposure, the less are the chances of getting a sunburn in the first place. If you have to go out in the sun, try choosing a time when it is the least hot, so your chances of coming into contact with the harmful rays are minimised. Going out after 2 pm is usually safe as the peak hours have passed.
Stay in the shade
When at the beach or outdoors during the day, always pick a spot with shade. Basking in the sun may seem like a nice idea, but it is better to avoid direct contact with the sun and resist the temptation. Your skin will thank you for this.
Do not forget the hat and the glasses!
While going out in the sun always wear a hat. Make sure your helmet is white-brimmed so that it gives you maximum shade and protects your face and shoulders. Never forget to wear sunglasses as the skin around your eyes is extremely sensitive and gets irritated very easily.
Make sure your sunglasses are always UV protected! You can find a wide range of UV protection sunglasses at affordable prices on SmartBuyGlasses.
Screen the sun with a sunblock
Now let’s get to the most important part which is wearing sunscreen. A sunscreen literally screens all the harmful radiations from the sun. It forms a protective layer around your skin and does not allow the skin to absorb any Ultraviolet radiation.
Using the right type of sunscreen
Many people think that using sunscreen is enough; however, it is equally important to choose the right kind of sunscreen. It is suggested to use a sunscreen that protects against a broader spectrum of ultraviolet radiations. There are two types of UV rays: UVA and UVB. Always choose a sunscreen that offers protection against both types of emissions. Click Pharmacy offers sunscreens and much more related to your condition.
Apply sunscreen at the right time
Apply sunscreen at least fifteen minutes before going out in the sun. The reason for this is that your skin takes time to absorb the sunscreen and the sunscreen needs to be consumed to work. So always give it at least fifteen minutes so that it forms a protective layer around your skin.
Protect your lips too
Your lips need protection as well. It may come as a shock to many, but it is imperative to apply a protectant on your lips also! Use one which has a larger SPF. Generally, your sunscreen should be higher than SPF 30. This means nothing under an SPF of 30 should be bought!
Protection from water
When going swimming or to the beach try using waterproof sunscreen. Use enough sunscreen; otherwise, there is no point in using sunscreen in the first place! Always check the date at which the product expires before buying it.
Take it with you wherever you go
If you are staying out for more extended periods, then your sunscreen is going to wear off. So always carry your sunscreen in your bag so that you can apply it after some time has passed.
Cover yourself properly
Wear the right clothes. Cover your body with the right fabric. Always wear full sleeves while going out in the sun. Use clothes with a loose fitting. Avoid tight and materials that may give you a rash. Some clothes come with ultraviolet protection factor. These clothes block sun rays and provide protection from the sun.
Treating a sunburn
In case you were a little careless and got a sunburn to worry no more as the following tips will help you handle it.
The power of apple cider vinegar
While taking a bath, add a small cup of apple cider vinegar. It helps in balancing the pH of the skin which gets disturbed during sunburn.
Baking soda for soothing itchiness
Adding baking soda to the bath can help in soothing the irritation caused by sunburn. Alternatively, you can also soak in an oatmeal bath to avoid the itchiness caused by sunburn.
Never take sunburn lightly as it may lead to peeling of skin and skin cancer in the longer run. If you follow the steps mentioned above and you will minimise your chances of getting one. However, if you do, then try using the home remedies we suggested or contact any registered online pharmacy for a detailed diagnosis. Keep yourself hydrated at all times by drinking a lot of water as it will also help.