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How To Write An Informative Essay

An informative essay involves telling the reader about a subject or a topic. It’s also called an expository essay or informative article. The key to getting it right with an informative essay is to know the subject or topic. However, if you are not an expert or entirely knowledgeable about the topic, your research skills as an essay writer will need to be. You also need to concisely know how to deliver the chosen or given topic information. If you’d love to know how to write an informative essay, this article will cover it for you. Everything else will fall into place once you get the important bits figured out. 

Steps of writing an Informative Essay

Before we get into the meat of it, you need to learn the steps for writing an informative essay. They include;

  1. Choosing and researching a topic: A topic can be chosen or given to you by your professor. After choosing, get into the research part and research as much as possible.
  2. Organize your facts and research material. Organize facts and research in order of importance.
  3. Have an outline and organize your key points before working on your first draft.
  4. Edit your essay. This is the tricky part, and you may need to seek essays writing help from a top service on the internet.  

1. Choosing and Researching a Topic

If you are authoring a paper from college, you will likely be assigned a topic and other details such as the word count, the subject matter, and other relevant material. If you don’t already have a topic, you will need to find your topic to work on. Don’t fret. There are hundreds of options if you know how to perform a simple Google search. 

When choosing a topic, remember that the more doesn’t necessarily mean the merrier, in this case at least. Choosing a great topic means getting a few options and then settling on one flexible enough to work with. There are a few points to remember here;

  • The best topic shouldn’t be too wide, such that you have so much information to try and tell your reader. It shouldn’t be too limited either. Pick a topic with just the right amount of information.
  • Make sure the topic is interesting and targets your main audience. Your topic should be valid to your target audience. Ensure you address what your audience knows about the topic and what they may need to know.
  • The topic should interest you. It’s easier to write about something you love. You will express yourself enthusiastically and impress your readers as well.

2. Organize your research

Once you have chosen an appropriate topic, it’s time to start your research. This is an important part, especially when writing an informative essay. This is where you want to organize your facts to present to your reader(s). Make sure the information you will be presenting is accurate. Look for objective sources from authors who are experts in your subject matter. Get to your local or school library and go through the internet, encyclopedias, journals, newspapers, and other important sources. Some things to note during your research;

  • Keep a notebook close by for interesting facts. Take as many notes as possible to help you write a powerful, informative essay.
  • Map all your sources. Make sure you can accurately attribute each fact to the correct source. Even the sources you don’t use in your essay are important in ensuring you have an authoritative paper. Know the author, the title, the publisher, and any special copyright information. If the source is online, map the correct website address.

3. Organize the research and start writing

Once you are confident with your research, it’s time to organize your ideas and tie them to the main topic. You will have to first put your ideas on a piece of paper before beginning to write. There are a few things you can do;

  • Create a concept map: A concept map means putting down the most relevant facts regarding the topic and then supplementing them with other details. 
  • Put your idea in a circle on a piece of paper. Fill the rest of the paper with ideas and facts that come into your head. 
  • Create an outline for your paper. Here you need to have the introduction for your essay, the body, and the conclusion. 

Once you have your outline ready and all your key facts mapped on a piece of paper, you can start writing your first draft. When you start writing, don’t stop for typos or anything. Keep writing, and don’t stop. This is your first draft. You will have plenty of time to edit your paper later. Here are a few things to note when writing;

  • Have a topic sentence for each paragraph. Topic sentences inform the reader of the main point for that particular paragraph. It could also be a transition from the previous paragraph.
  • Your essay should have some structure. The acceptable structure includes an opening statement, a body, and a conclusion. 
  • Edit the first draft with several things in mind. For example, have you exhausted all the important facts? Is the thesis statement clear enough? Is every paragraph connected to the main idea? Does the paper flow well? Etc. 

4. Edit your First Draft to come up with the final draft

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After completing your first draft, it’s time to go back to the typos and points and straighten everything out once and for all. Make sure you have presented all the facts accurately and appropriately. Check the organization of your paper and make sure the format is easy to follow. You can have a friend or classmate read your final copy and check for spelling and grammar errors. They could also provide a second opinion if you have time.


An informative essay allows you to present to your audience an accurate account of how you feel about the main topic. It’s a chance to find out how authoritative you can be with your paper writing. If you have difficulties writing an informative essay, you can find help from online essay writing services about what you need to do. 

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